Dr.Annie Besant was born on 1st October 1847 in Adyar, India, was a women's rights activist, prominent Theosophist, writer and supporter of Irish and Indian self rule.
Annie Besant was born into a middle-class family of Irish origin. Her father name was William Wood and mother name was Emily Morris. Her father was expired when she was five years old. She was helpless and unable to help her family, her friend Ellen Marryat to care for her family. Annie had a good education with the help of Marryat. She was given a healthy sense of duty to society and an equally healthy sense of what independent women could achieve. She was travelled widely in Europe. She obtained a taste for Catholic color and function in Europe that never left her.
In 1867, she married Clergyman Frank Besant. She travelled to Sibsey with her husband, later they had two children namely Digby and Mabel. Annie wrote short stories, books for children and articles. After few years they were legally separated and Annie moved London with her daughter.
Annie Besant met Helena Blavatsky and in 1890, after few years she interested in Theosophy grew and her interested in left wing politics waned. She moved to India. In 1902 she established the International Order of Co-Freemasonry in England and later she established lodges in various parts of the British Empire.
Annie Besant became President of the Theosophical Society in 1908. She started to guide the society away from Buddhism and towards Hinduism. She also participated in politics in India, joining the Indian National Congress. When war broke out in Europe. She helped to establish the Home Rule League to campaign for democracy in India and dominion status within the Empire which culminated in her election as president of the India National Congress. After the war Annie continued to campaign for Indian independence until her death.
Annie Besant died in 1933 and later her daughter Mabel was survived. After her death, her colleagues, Dr. Guido Ferrando, J. Krishnamurti’s, Rosalind Rajagopal, and Aldous Huxley built Happy Valley School, after renamed Besant Hill School in honour of Annie Besant.
- Annie Besant was a women's rights activist, prominent Theosophist, writer and supporter of Irish and Indian self rule.
- She helped to establish the Home Rule League to campaign for democracy in India