Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the spiritual and non – Violent Political Leader. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi; his mother’s name was Putlibai. His wife was called kasturbai Makhanji, gandhiji and kasturiba had four children.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in porbandar, Gujarat. At the age of 19 years he went to London to study law and returned to India in 1891 to practice law. He couldn't find work that would give better life for him and his family, later he travelled to South Africa for his practice.
Gandhi moved South Africa in 1893, at the time the British ruled South Africa. There he was thrown off a train after disapproving to move from the First class compartment to a third class even though he bought the first – class ticket.
When he accomplished to claim his rights as a British subject Gandhi was harmed. He observed that all Indian people suffered badly by bristish Government. All these incidents were a turning point in his life; he put his attention to social injustice and influencing his consequential social activism. With the Help of natal Indian congress he moulded the Indian community of South Africa into a uniform political force.
He started Satyagraha -devotion to the truth. Satyagraha established with the principles of truth, nonviolence and courage. Gandhi was arrested so many times by the British for his activities in India and South Africa. In 1915, Gandhi returned to India .At last in 19 47 Gandhi brought the independence for India from Britain.
Gandhi also known as mahatma, bapu, father of nation, and his birthday on 2nd October is celebrates as Gandhi Jayanti, a notional holiday and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Gandhi was a prolific writer. He had written a few books including his autobiography, An Autobiography of My Experiments with Truth, Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule ,Satyagraha in South Africa about his struggle there, a political pamphlet, and a paraphrase in Gujarati of John Ruskin's Unto This Last. This last essay can be considered his program on economics. Gandhi had also written greatly on diet and health, vegetarianism, social reforms, religion etc. He usually used to write in Gujarati, though he also revised the English and Hindi translations of his books.
Famous quotes written by Gandhi ji:
- All compromise is based on give and take, but there can be no give and take on fundamentals. Any compromise on mere fundamentals is surrender. For it is all give and no take.
- Among the many misdeeds of the British rule in India, history will look upon the act depriving a whole nation of arms as the blackest.
- An unjust law is itself a species of violence. Arrest for its breach is more so.
- As human beings, our greatness lies not so much in being able to remake the world - that is the myth of the atomic age - as in being able to remake ourselves.
- Confession of errors is like a broom which sweeps away the dirt and leaves the surface brighter and clearer. I feel stronger for confession.
- Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
- Whenever you are confronted with an opponent, conquer him with love.
- A 'No' uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a 'Yes' merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble.
- A coward is incapable of exhibiting love; it is the prerogative of the brave.
- A religion that takes no account of practical affairs and does not help to solve them is no religion.
- Adaptability is not imitation. It means power of resistance and assimilation.
- Anger and intolerance are the twin enemies of correct understanding.
- You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind.
Mahatma Gandhi died in Birla house, New Delhi January 30th 1948. He was killed by Nathuram Godse
- Great Freedom Fighter
- Mahatma Gandhi was a spiritual and non – Violent Political Leader
- He started Satyagraha movement, Quit India movement
- Gandhi was a prolific writer